Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Seas.

by Fridtjof Mehlum

Publisher: Norsk Polarinstitutt in Oslo

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 208
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The allure of the mysterious Northeast Passage has captivated adventurers for centuries. Its Russian-controlled waters are steeped in history and mystery, while abundant wildlife is found along its remote shores. Only a handful of passenger vessels have ever completed a transit of this waterway, but recent changes in the summer sea ice conditions mean that it is now possible . East Greenland-Svalbard-Barents Sea This subpopulation is found from the east coast of Greenland across the Greenland, Barents, and the Kara Sea to Russia’s Severnaya Zemlya, with individuals usually venturing as south as northern Iceland (Cooke and Reeves, ). Thick, impassable sea ice in northern.   J. Richter-Menge1, M. L. Druckenmiller2, and M. Jeffries3 1University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Northern Engineering, Fairbanks, AK, USA 2National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA 3Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory of the Engineer Research and Development Center, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hanover, NH, USA The . All include the services of a butler thanks to the highest service ratio at sea and almost all have a private teak veranda so that you can breathe in the fresh sea air by merely stepping outside your door. Select your suite and Request a Quote - guests who book early are rewarded with the best fares and ability to select their desired suite.

WORLD CRUISE SEGMENT - The Arctic has long held travellers spellbound, and this day voyage to Svalbard is no exception. Venture as far north as you have ever dared to go, sailing past sculpted islands, archipelagos and mountains. Travel into very remote and isolated areas where seabirds and marine life far outnumber the local population. lation in the Barents Sea is stable or is increasing slightly. The datasets were too small to s-a sess several of the large gull species in the Norwegian Sea. However, extensive monitoring in the North Sea & Skagerrak and recent censuses in the Barents Sea suggest declines by more than 50% in several of the gull populations in these areas. productive patches of ocean in the northern hemisphere. For example, the Barents, Bering, Chukchi, and Iceland seas include nutrient-rich upwelling areas that support large concentrations of migratory seabirds, as well as a diverse community of sea mammals and some of the richest fisheries in the world. Student Activity. Stephanie Pfirman Professor, School of Sustainability [email protected] School of Sustainability Arizona State University PO Box Tempe, AZ About Publications Titles Senior Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability Professor, School of Sustainability Biography Before joining Arizona State University in July , Pfirman was .

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information.   Seabirds in the Greenland, Barents and Norwegian Seas, February--April Polar Research 2(1):1 The influence of ice on the ecology of Arctic and Antarctic seabirds. Proceedings of the International Ornithological Congress Revised atlas of eastern Canadian seabirds. I. Shipboard surveys.   Study species. Two species of scyphozoan jellyfish commonly occur in the Barents Sea: the lion’s mane jelly Cyanea capillata and the moon jelly Aurelia aurita –. Cyanea capillata is a northern boreal species –, while Aurelia is a cosmopolitan genus, particularly abundant in the coastal waters, although occurring also in the open C. capillata .   Tande, K. S., Hassel, A. and Slagstad, D. () Gonad maturation and possible life cycle strategies in Calanus finmarchicus and Calanus glacialis in the northwestern part of Barents Sea. In Gray, J. S. and Christiansen, M. E. (eds), Marine Biology of Polar Regions and Effects of Stress on Marine dings of 18th European Marine Biology .

Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Seas. by Fridtjof Mehlum Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Mehlum, Fridtjof. Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Sea. Oslo: Norsk polarinstitutt, Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Seas NORSK POLARINSTITUTT OSLO Fridtjof Mehlum Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Seas NORSK POLARINSTITUTI OSLO Cover page: Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis.

Drawing by Viggo Ree ISBN Printed April IPil G[] 1. Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Seas.

By Fridtjof Mehlum. Download PDF (2 MB) Topics: seabirds, greenland sea, barents sea Author: Fridtjof Mehlum. Joiris CR, Tahon J () Distribution and food intake of seabirds and marine mammals in the Norwegian and Greenland seas (July ).

Royal Acad Overseas Sci – Google Scholar Joiris CR, Tahon J, Holsbeek L, Vancauwenbergen M () Seabirds and marine mammals in the eastern Barents Sea: late summer distribution and calculated food Cited by:   Summer distribution of seabirds in north- ern Greenland and Barents Seas.

Nor. Polarinst. Spr.,56 pp. Meltofte, H., Ornithological observations in the Norwe- gian Sea, the Greenland Sea and NE Greenland, July- August Cited by: Summer distribution of seabirds in northern.

Greenland and Barents Seas. Norsk Polarinstitutt Skrifter The abundance of five seabird species in ice-covered parts of the northern Barents.

The distribution at sea of seabirds was studied in the North-East Water (NEW) polynya, Greenland, during transect counts in the summers ofand on board the ice-breaking RVs Polarstern and Polar collected within the polynya ‘box’ (78–82°N; 5–18°W) concern observations of birds counted during half-hour counts.

The Barents Sea Region supports some of the largest concentrations of seabirds in the world. A total of 33 species breed regularly in the region, and about million seabirds harvest approximately million tonnes of biomass annually from the ds spend most of the year at sea, visit land only to breed and find all their food in the marine environment.

Joiris C.R. At-sea distribution of seabirds and marine mammals around Svalbard, summer Polar Biol. Mehlum F. Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Sea.

Norsk Polarinst. Skrifter Mehlum F. & Isaksen K. The effects of sea ice on the distribution of seabirds in the. Our distribution maps give you a quantitative overview of the occurrences of seabirds on the open sea at different times of the year. Choose between the 12 different species in the table and download maps (PDF) or specify your search by distribution data in the data portal.

You can also read about the datasets that serve as the foundation for the development of the maps. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The pelagic distributions of seabirds in the Greenland, Norwegian and western Barents Seas are poorly known, especially in winter.

This paper describes quantitative observations made in. The metabolic rate of the most important seabirds that breed in the Barents Sea area is shown. Cold blood flowing from the feet towards the body core. SEATRACK aims to map the non-breeding distribution of seabirds breeding in colonies encircling the Labrador, Greenland, Barents, Norwegian, North and Irish Seas, which includes colonies in Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway incl.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Ireland and Great Britain. SEATRACK has been a module to SEAPOP since. The marine mammal community of the Barents Sea and adjacent northern waters represents a vast range of body sizes, from the ringed seal ( m, 60 kg) up to the blue whale (24 m, ,+ kg), and displays concomitant variance in life-history strategies and ecology (Kovacs et al., ).

Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Sea / Fridtjof Mehlum; Free-air gravity field of the Norwegian-Greenland seas [cartographic material] / compiled by Manik Talwa Bathymetry of the east and southeast Asian seas [cartographic material] / /J.

Mammerickx [and others] Dr. This book describes the marine ecosystem of the Barents Sea, located north of Norway and Russia as part of the Arctic Ocean.

Basic knowledge is presented about components of the ecosystem from virus and bacteria via plankton and fish to seabirds through to marine mammals and their interactions with the physical environment.

Ecosystem dynamics are given a prominent role in the book.4/5(2). Plastic waste finds its way into the ocean, and from there to the farthest reaches of the planet – even as far as the Arctic.

This was confirmed in one of the first litter surveys conducted north of the Arctic Circle, carried out by an international research team from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and Belgium’s Laboratory for Polar.

Atlantic (TC, S) waters enter the Barents Sea between Bear Island and northern Norway and dominate the southern region of the sea. During winter the inflow of Atlantic Waters increases, being deep and narrow, while during summer it decreases, becoming wide and shallow (Ingvaldsen et al., a).

As these waters transit the Barents Sea. Distribution of cod and capelin in the northern Barents Sea, autumnand The white areas indicate ice cover and the thin black lines indicate depth.

Figure: Havforskningsrapporten archipelago separates the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea. The Barents Sea covers an area of approximately million km. 2, has an average depth of ca. m, and a maximum depth of about m at the western end of Bear Island Trough (Figure 1).

Its topography is characterized by troughs and basins, separat ed by shallow bank areas. Christian Lydersen, Ole Anders Nøst, Kit M. Kovacs, Mike A. Fedak, Temperature data from Norwegian and Russian waters of the northern Barents Sea collected by free-living ringed seals, Journal of Marine Systems, /s, 46,(), ().

The Norwegian Sea (Norwegian: Norskehavet) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean, northwest of Norway between the North Sea and the Greenland Sea, adjoining the Barents Sea to the northeast. In the southwest, it is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a submarine ridge running between Iceland and the Faroe the north, the Jan Mayen Ridge separates it from the Greenland Sea.

New under-ice net used in large-scale study on the prevalence of polar cod at the ice underside. Using a new net, marine biologists from the Alfred Wegener Institute have, for the first time, been able to catch polar cod directly beneath the Arctic sea ice with a trawl, allowing them to determine their large-scale distribution and origin.

In addition, higher sea-ice concentrations (80–%) were between and times as likely to be selected as lower sea-ice concentrations or open water. Ringed seals use the marginal ice zone of the Barents Sea during summer/autumn. In addition, there is a sea level pressure (SLP) ridge over Greenland that drives strong northerly winds through the Fram Strait, facilitating ice export.

In the summer, the SLP contrast is smaller, producing weaker winds. A final example of seasonal pressure system movement is the low pressure system that exists over the Nordic and Barents Seas.

In contrast, no clear evolution was detected neither for sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus nor for Minke whale Balaenoptera acusrostrata. Citation: Joiris C R. Considerable increase in bowhead, blue, humpback and fin whales numbers in the Greenland Sea and Fram Strait between and   The extreme high pressure over the Barents Sea also led to a decrease in the air temperature.

Guillemots are sensitive to temperature and cannot survive if. To the southeast, the vast expanse Norwegian Sea lies behind the Jan Mayen Island, of which Greenland Sea may be considered an extension. In the summer the average air temperature is from 0C to 2C (4C in the South), and in the winter it reaches up to northern part of the sea is mostly covered with ice.

In the Barents Sea, polar cod occur both in the areas of drifting sea ice in the northern Barents Sea and north of Svalbard (Lønne & Gulliksen ) and in the open water masses of the central and southern Barents Sea (Ajiad et al.

In the Arctic, polar cod are often in areas with ice cover, but only part of the population is. seas. The wintering distribution of the Ivory Gull is poorly known, although it generally winters along the southern edge of Arctic pack ice in the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean (Davis Strait and Labrador, Greenland and Barents seas), and the North Pacific Ocean (Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, and perhaps the Beaufort and Chukchi seas).

The majority of the species we love have been getting less and less common, but there's still time to bring them back. Join the Wildlife Trusts on our exciting adventure to a Wilder Future.The rationale behind the Nordic workshop, 'What determines the distribution of seabirds at sea?', held in Skibotn, near Troms, Octoberwas the initiation of a new pelagic seabird research programme at Tromsø Museum.

We felt a need to gather experts within oceanography, fisheries biology and marine ornithology to discuss how to best organize such. Sea ice in the Arctic Basin at 26 August ( mkm2): At 26 Augustsea ice was still present in the peripheral seas: packed into the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, off northeast Greenland and the northern Barents Sea as well as the northern Laptev Sea.

This is lots of ice for summering polar bears: Barents Sea and Svalbard.